Fruit is always a hot topic in the nutrition world, especially when it comes to kids. It’s often way more well-liked and accepted than its vegetable counterparts- and for good reason, right? Kids are wired to prefer sweet foods, which can make fruit an early favorite pretty much as soon as they start eating. I think my kids have been eating $20 of berries every week since they started solids!
But the conversation about fruit isn’t so cut and dry. In fact, you’ve probably heard the discussion about fruit loaded with conflicting messages:
Fruit is bad!
No, it’s good!
Fruit has too much sugar. We should limit it.
Fruit is super healthy! Serve it as often as you want!
Fruit makes them have diarrhea!
Fruit helps keep them regular!
So what’s the truth about fruit especially about fruit for kids?
Well, let’s take a closer look at what you need to know about fruit and how to make the best decision for your kids and family.
In this post, we’ll cover questions like ‘how much is too much?’ and ‘when/how often should I serve fruit?’ as well as everything you need to know about fresh, dried, and freeze-dried fruit, the different nutrient contents of popular fruits, and some functional properties (read also: benefits!) of eating fruit!
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So, how much?!
For babies starting solids, the goal is to introduce them to variety—so no single serving of any item or food is going to comprise too much of their diet, including fruit. For example, you might serve a 6-month old a raspberry or two, but you’ll likely also be serving them those berries alongside other foods they’re getting used to, because the goal is to get them acquainted with texture and variety; they won’t necessarily be filling up on the servings they get until they get a little more adept at eating.
For ages 1-3, the USDA recommendation is about a cup of fruit a day. If you get out your measuring cup to measure, you can see that’s about a large handful. Now, this can (and probably will/should) be spit up across multiple servings in a day—maybe 2-3 servings, ideally.
For ages 4-8, the USDA recommendation goes up to about 1.5 cups a day. This number is actually pretty much equivalent to the recommended vegetable intake per day, if that helps you visualize what meals and snacks might look like to reach those targets.
But, how much is TOO much?
Unfortunately, yes, there is such a thing as too much fruit.
I like to stick close to these recommendations mainly because too much fruit can cause an imbalance in the gut that can lead to tummy troubles. Fruit contains a natural sugar called fructose—which is not at all bad—but when consumed in TOO high of a quantity, can be a catalyst for diarrhea.
Fruit is also wonderfully fibrous—and we love it for that—but consuming too much fiber too fast can also contribute to other uncomfortable GI symptoms like bloating.
So while fruit is not at all to be feared, it’s good to have these recommendations as guidelines to keep tummies happy.
When is the best time to eat fruit?
Fruit is so versatile it can be part of breakfast, lunch, dinner, dessert, or any snack.
Fruit smoothies for kids are one of my favorite ways to get in a ton of nutrients right off the bat in the morning.
What are the healthiest fruits to put in a smoothie? In my opinion, you can’t go wrong. Smoothies are so versatile and you can find a way to use pretty much any fruit you like.
Check out my Smoothie Starter Pack to load up on all the essentials for making awesome smoothies at home. All of these items are linked in my Mama Knows Nutrition Amazon Storefront!
Smoothies aren’t the only way that fruits can feature in the morning. A simple side of fruit is a great option, or throw some fresh or frozen blueberries into your Saturday morning pancakes!
If your child isn’t a fan of whole fruit yet, you can also start by serving tastes of fruit flavored things—such as a strawberry flavored yogurt or a homemade popsicle (we love these strawberry Greek yogurt popsicles that can totally be eaten for breakfast!) Here are the popsicle molds we use!
I love to serve fruit for a snack—especially now that summer is in full swing, and if you’re like me, you’re bouncing back and forth between outdoor camps and activities, pools, splash pads, etc. Fruit is so refreshing (and hydrating, we’ll touch on that later!) so it makes for a great summer snack.
Fruit-forward snacks are so easy to reach for, and fruit is the main ingredient in many pre-packaged kids snacks like bars, fruit snack packs, and pouches. And we can’t forget the fruits pre-packed by nature and ready to throw in a diaper bag, pool bag, or lunchbox—bananas, oranges, apples and pears!
For non-packaged snacks, fruit kabobs for kids are always a favorite, as well as fresh fruit salads, and just plain old fruit trays. My kids love a poolside watermelon tray or a bowl of fresh sliced mango!
I also like these Wyman fruit cups—which feel a little like Dippin’ Dots! They can make fruit fun for kids who don’t otherwise love it.
Fruit has a lot of great attributes, but it doesn’t carry a big protein or fat punch, so eating fruit alone may leave your kid feeling unsatisfied. If you find that your kid just wants endless servings of fruit, try serving it alongside something else more filling and dense.
My favorite ways to do this are: Apples + nut butter, pears + yogurt dip, or just offering the fruit item alongside another item that has protein and fat—like a half a PB&J sandwich or some cheese.
Lunch + Dinner
For lunch and dinner, you can pretty much serve fruit like you would any other side dish. Don’t worry, you don’t need to find a way to weave it into the main dish. A side of blueberries or half a sliced apple do the same job.
And while I included smoothies in the breakfast section, you’re more than welcome to serve a smoothie at any meal. You can change up the fruits, flavors, and add-ins, and it’s a great way to help meet all their nutritional needs.
A note on fruit as it gets later in the day:
While there’s no need to avoid fruit at dinner, you might want to be mindful of when to stop serving fruit as it gets closer to bedtime. Fruit contains natural sugar, and may not be the best choice for right before bedtime.
Fresh, frozen, freeze-dried
Do frozen fruits have less nutrients?
Does dehydrating fruit remove nutrients?
Is fresh fruit best?
I have good news—all of these preparations of fruit ARE nutritious.
So don’t worry if your kid only likes an alternate preparation of fruit. They’re getting a lot of great nutrition from those options, and while it’s maybe not the SAME as fresh fruit, they’re still reaping a lot of benefits from the fruit.
Frozen fruit pretty much has the same nutrition as fresh fruit. Nutrients are locked in when they’re frozen, so you’re getting the fruit in pretty much the same condition as fresh fruit—just able to be preserved longer! Frozen fruit can be fun to eat for kids that enjoy the texture (but can be tricky for smaller kids—so I don’t recommend serving frozen fruit to toddlers). It can be hard to pack for on the go or in lunches, but is a great choice for those long summer days at home.
Fresh fruit has the leg up on other preparations of fruit because it has the added benefit of being hydrating. Many fruits are composed mostly of water, and fresh fruit will have the highest water content of any preparations of fruit.
Dried fruit is a great option for on-the-go, being packed in lunches, or when you can’t temperature control fresh or frozen fruit. Drying the fruit does concentrate the sugar and some of the nutrients— which you can see from both sides. Dried fruit will have a higher sugar content than fresh fruit, but in many cases, may also have a higher concentration of vitamin/minerals. For example, dried apricots are a great source of iron, believe it or not!
Freeze-dried obviously misses out on the hydrating element of fresh fruit and removes a little bit of the vitamin content (like vitamin C), but it still comes with plenty of benefits. Freeze-dried fruit still gives kids a good amount of nutrition in the form of vitamins and minerals, as well as fiber, which is a big benefit of eating fruit. Freeze-dried fruits, like dried fruits, also have a higher sugar content than fresh fruit due to the concentration of sugar during the freeze-drying.
Bottom line: ALL these options are fine options. I like to opt for fresh when possible just to maximize all of the fibrous and hydrating benefits that fruit has to offer, but it’s totally fine to use the others as well- especially when you need the added convenience or if you have a picky eater!
You’re probably wondering if fruit juice ‘counts’ as fruit. And, well, I’m happy to report that it DOES count as a serving of fruit—½ cup of 100% juice is equal to a ½ cup of fruit.
I prefer to use juice sparingly because, while it does technically satisfy a fruit serving, it lacks the fiber and satiety benefits of eating the whole form fruit. So you’re getting all the sugar and flavor, but not many other nutritional benefits.
You can also see how the fruit servings could add up really quickly if your child is in the habit of drinking fruit juice multiple times per day AND eating a diet that has fruit in it.
If your child loves juice and you can’t quit cold turkey, start with diluting their juice with a couple ounces of water so that they can still get the fruit flavor without having to consume quite so many ounces of juice.
And just for clarity’s sake—when I’m talking about juice in the above paragraphs, I’m referring to 100% fruit juice, not necessarily juices from concentrate.
Juice from concentrate just means that the water has been taken out of it so that it’s a very contracted juice liquid with the idea that you reconstitute it with water. It’s sometimes a more cost-effective way of processing, packing and transporting it. Juices from concentrate can also be okay to use, but some do have added sugar, so keep an eye on the nutrition label to make sure it’s only juice.
A peek at the nutrition of different fruits
Pretty much all fruit is packed with vitamins and minerals, imparts a good dose of hydration, and gives you some dietary fiber.
The most hydrating fruits are watermelon at 92% water content, strawberries at 91%, and cantaloupe at 90%. Many other fruits are in the high 80-90% range, meaning that you’re doing your body, organs, and skin a favor by reaching for fruit as a snack or side!
Among the most fibrous fruits are raspberries, pears, blackberries, and kiwi. Eating fruit with seeds and fruits with the skin on boosts the fiber content even more. Fiber has many benefits for kids and adults alike, including promoting gastric motility and regular bowel movements.
The sweetest fruits are mango, fig, grapes, and cherries. This doesn’t mean you can’t or shouldn’t serve these. We aren’t too worried about the natural sugar that comes in fruit. You just may want to be aware of the sugar content so that you’re able to offer balanced snacks and meals to help keep blood sugar levels consistent and regulated. AKA—don’t let your kids go wild on a bowl full of cherries, grapes, and mango all at once.
Everyone wants to know what are the most nutrient dense fruits.
This is a little bit of a tricky one to address, because all fruits are pretty nutrient dense, and assessing nutrient density kind of depends on what criteria you’re wanting it to meet. For example, some fruits are more calorically dense than others. And some fruits have the literal highest number of different nutrients in them (lemons have 17 different nutrients!).
Other fruits are powerhouses at providing particular nutrients—making them extraordinarily nutrient dense in providing that nutrient. For example, guava, kiwi, oranges, and strawberries are extremely dense in vitamin C.
So there may not be a clear cut answer for the ‘healthiest fruit’, but you should rest easy knowing all fruits carry with them lots of nutritional benefits, as well as some OTHER benefits we’ll touch on next!
Functional properties of fruits
This is where it gets exciting. A relatively new field of research is emerging about what scientists are calling the functional benefits of foods.
This field looks at the benefits that food exerts ON TOP of just its nutritional value (like its calories, macro/micronutrients).
Fruits—and all plant foods—contain compounds called phytonutrients that assert beneficial effects on the body in various ways beyond the nutrition they provide. Many of the effects they produce in the body are thought to be disease-preventing or disease-fighting.
You may have heard of some of these phytonutrient compounds:
These are found in many plant foods we eat like grains and vegetables and certainly fruits. For example, blueberries have a high anthocyanidin content, which is correlated with blood vessel health. Cantaloupe and apricots are loaded with beta-carotene, a carotenoid that has proposed benefits for the immune system, vision, skin, and bone health.
I say all this just to show you that food does more in our bodies than we think, or even know yet! So next time you’re worried because all your child ate at the meal was fruit, remember that they’re also reaping some functional benefits on top of the nutritional benefits! Fruit really is an amazing food!
Overall, fruit is a win in my book!
So we’ve covered a lot in this post.
We’ve debunked the myths about fruit being “bad for you”.
We talked about the sugar content, and yes, there can be too much of a good thing.
We talked about offering fruit in combination with another food with protein or fat to increase satisfaction and fullness.
We talked about the different forms and that it’s okay to change up how you serve it.
We talked about nutrition and functional benefits, and now you’ve got all the info you need to serve delicious, nutrition, fiber-full, hydrating goodness to your kids all year long.
If you want more healthy meal and snack tips and ideas, grab my Meal and Snack Survival Guide here! It will simplify meal and snack prep and planning and take some of the guess work out of feeding your family!