There were some 356,699 UK admissions to hospital with acquired brain injury in 2019/20, with this figure having increased by around 12% since the 2005/06 period.
Of course, there are different iterations of brain injury referenced in the medical books, and not all of these are created equal at all.
In this post, we’ll appraise the different types of brain injury, while asking how this broad category of injury can impact on your life.
Are There Different Types Of Brain Injury?
Broadly speaking, there are two primary types of brain injury; namely traumatic brain injuries (TBI) and non-traumatic brain injuries (ABI).
The former are caused by external blunt force which affects the brain’s function. Common iterations include concussion and edema, while this type of injury is most commonly caused by vehicular accidents, falls, physical assaults and sports-related head injuries.
According to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, there are around 1.7 million TBI injuries recorded each year, while in serious cases, this type of injury can cause a long-term disability.
Non-traumatic brain injuries are typically acquired, but caused by less impactful triggers like a loss of oxygen, toxin exposure and pressure from a tumour that damages the brain.
Common triggers include haemorrhages, internal bleeding and a stroke, the latter of which cuts off the blood and oxygen flow to the brain and causes the cells to slowly die.
How Does It Affect Behaviour And Cognitive Abilities?
Even after a minor head injury, brain function, behaviour and your cognitive abilities may be affected.
This is best embodied by concussion, which creates significant behavioural challenges alongside headaches, dizziness, fatigue, irritability, mood swings and potential memory programs.
In the case of minor injuries, most people will become symptom-free within two weeks, but more serious instances may cause issues over an extended period of time.
With serious and severe brain injuries, longer-term ailments may include issues that impair their cognitive function and create behavioural changes such as increased impulsiveness, and this can require you to make significant changes to your everyday life.
The Last Word
If it’s a loved one who experiences a serious or sustained head injury, you may have to step in and provide practical and emotional support as individuals go through an incredibly tough time.
In this case, you’ll also have to understand the challenges facing your loved one and precisely how you can provide support, from providing physical support and practical help to helping your loved one process a brain injury claim for compensation.
Ultimately, regardless of how you help or the precise needs of your injured loved one, it’s crucial that you demonstrate patience and discipline while providing an empathetic ear that’s ready and waiting whenever your loved one wants to discuss their mental health.